Common software libraries help us be more productive: saving us from reinventing the wheel; increasing transferrable knowledge across projects; and allowing us to become experts as we build them once and use them often. Moreover, they tend to have fewer bugs as they’re better battle-tested and maintained. Using a common collection of libraries is a good thing for teams, companies, and the entire OSS community.Nowadays, our ability to build complex software systems has significantly increased thanks to the growth of OSS. When we started Voicera, we intended to contribute back to the OSS community whenever possible; so when the time came to build our Go microservices, we created common packages that were intentionally designed to be OSS. After a year of using those packages in production, we felt it’s time to share them with the Go community. We called the repo Gooseberry: Go is in the name; it’s named after a fruit that looks like an ungrown clementine — just like our incomplete library; and it sounds like a fun name to say! With the community’s help, we’d like to build gooseberry to be as commonly used as Guava is for Java.

Gooseberry’s Features

The example below creates a RESTful Twilio client to make a phone call and to poll for call history. The client uses a debug logger for requests and responses and keeps polling for calls made using an exponential backoff poller.
package main

import (
	"net/http"
	"time"

	"github.com/voicera/gooseberry"
	"github.com/voicera/gooseberry/log"
	"github.com/voicera/gooseberry/log/zap"
	"github.com/voicera/gooseberry/polling"
	"github.com/voicera/gooseberry/web"
	"github.com/voicera/gooseberry/web/rest"
)

const (
	baseURL    = "https://api.twilio.com/2010-04-01/Accounts/"
	accountSid = "AC072dcbab90350495b2c0fabf9a7817bb"
	authToken  = "883XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX1985"
)

type call struct {
	SID    string `json:"sid"`
	Status string `json:"status"`
}

type receiver struct {
	restClient rest.Client
}

func main() {
	gooseberry.Logger = zap.DefaultLogger
	gooseberry.Logger.Info("starting example")
	transport := web.NewBasicAuthRoundTripper(
		web.NewLeveledLoggerRoundTripper(
			http.DefaultTransport,
			log.NewPrefixedLeveledLogger(gooseberry.Logger, "TWL:")),
		accountSid, authToken)
	httpClient := &http.Client{Transport: transport}
	twilioClient := rest.NewURLEncodedRequestJSONResponseClient(httpClient).
		WithBaseURL(baseURL + accountSid)
	go makeCall(twilioClient)
	go poll(&receiver{twilioClient})
	time.Sleep(3 * time.Second)
	gooseberry.Logger.Sync()
}

func makeCall(twilioClient rest.Client) {
	parameters := map[string]string{
		"From": "+15005550006",
		"To":   "+14108675310",
		"Url":  "http://demo.twilio.com/docs/voice.xml",
	}
	call := &call{}
	if _, err := twilioClient.Post("Calls.json", parameters, &call); err != nil {
		gooseberry.Logger.Error("error making a call", "err", err)
	} else {
		gooseberry.Logger.Debug("made a call", "sid", call.SID)
	}
}

func poll(receiver *receiver) {
	poller, err := polling.NewBernoulliExponentialBackoffPoller(
		receiver, "twilio", 0.95, time.Second, time.Minute)
	if err != nil {
		gooseberry.Logger.Error("error creating a poller", "err", err)
	}
	go poller.Start()
	for batch := range poller.Channel() {
		calls := batch.([]*call)
		gooseberry.Logger.Debug("found calls", "callsCount", len(calls))
	}
}

func (r *receiver) Receive() (interface{}, bool, error) {
	calls := []*call{}
	_, err := r.restClient.Get("Calls", nil, &calls)
	return calls, len(calls) > 0, err
}
Running the above example produces output that looks like the following (which was heavily edited for brevity):
{"level":"info","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"runtime/proc.go:198","msg":"starting example"}
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"runtime/asm_amd64.s:2361","msg":"Started","poller":"twilio"}
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"web/web.go:90","msg":"TWL:Request","request":"GET /2010-04-01/Accounts/AC072dcbab90350495b2c0fabf9a7817bb/Calls HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: api.twilio.com\r\nUser-Agent: gooseberry\r\nAuthorization: *******STRIPPED OUT*******\r\nContent-Type: application/x-www-fo...
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"web/web.go:90","msg":"TWL:Request","request":"POST /2010-04-01/Accounts/AC072dcbab90350495b2c0fabf9a7817bb/Calls.json HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: api.twilio.com\r\nUser-Agent: gooseberry\r\nContent-Length: 89\r\nAuthorization: *******STRIPPED OUT*******\r\nConten...
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"web/web.go:108","msg":"TWL:Response","response":"HTTP/1.1 401 UNAUTHORIZED\r\nContent-Length: 293\r\nAccess-Control-Allow-Credentials: true\r\nAccess-Control-Allow-Headers: Accept, Authorization, Content-Type, If-Match, If-Modified-Since, If-None-Match,...
{"level":"error","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"runtime/asm_amd64.s:2361","msg":"HTTP Status Code 401: <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>\n<TwilioResponse><RestException><Code>20003</Code><Detail>Your AccountSid or AuthToken was incorrect.</Detail><Message>Authenticate</Message><MoreInfo>https://...
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"polling/poller.go:98","msg":"Relaxing","poller":"twilio"}
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"web/web.go:108","msg":"TWL:Response","response":"HTTP/1.1 401 UNAUTHORIZED\r\nContent-Length: 171\r\nAccess-Control-Allow-Credentials: true\r\nAccess-Control-Allow-Headers: Accept, Authorization, Content-Type, If-Match, If-Modified-Since, If-None-Match,...
{"level":"error","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:22Z","caller":"runtime/asm_amd64.s:2361","msg":"error making a call","err":"HTTP Status Code 401: {\"code\": 20003, \"detail\": \"Your AccountSid or AuthToken was incorrect.\", \"message\": \"Authenticate\", \"more_info\": \"https://www.twilio.com/docs/errors/20003\",...
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:23Z","caller":"web/web.go:90","msg":"TWL:Request","request":"GET /2010-04-01/Accounts/AC072dcbab90350495b2c0fabf9a7817bb/Calls HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: api.twilio.com\r\nUser-Agent: gooseberry\r\nAuthorization: *******STRIPPED OUT*******\r\nContent-Type: application/x-www-fo...
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:23Z","caller":"web/web.go:108","msg":"TWL:Response","response":"HTTP/1.1 401 UNAUTHORIZED\r\nContent-Length: 293\r\nAccess-Control-Allow-Credentials: true\r\nAccess-Control-Allow-Headers: Accept, Authorization, Content-Type, If-Match, If-Modified-Since, If-None-Match,...
{"level":"error","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:23Z","caller":"runtime/asm_amd64.s:2361","msg":"HTTP Status Code 401: <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>\n<TwilioResponse><RestException><Code>20003</Code><Detail>Your AccountSid or AuthToken was incorrect.</Detail><Message>Authenticate</Message><MoreInfo>https://...
{"level":"debug","ts":"2018-04-02T20:54:23Z","caller":"polling/poller.go:98","msg":"Relaxing","poller":"twilio"}
So, nothing earth-shattering here; just a bunch of common code that we think the vast majority of Go developers should reuse in their projects. We welcome your contributions and feedback. Happy coding!